Residential High-Rise Clusters as a Contemporary Planning Challenge in Manama


  • Florian Wiedmann

Palabras clave:

high-rise, cluster development


This paper analyzes the different roots of current residential high-rise clusters emerging in new
city districts along the coast of Bahrain’s capital city Manama, and the resulting urban planning
and design challenges. Since the local real-estate markets were liberalized in Bahrain in 2003, the population grew rapidly to more than one million inhabitants. Consequently, the housing demand increased rapidly due to extensive immigration. Many residential developments were however constructed for the upper spectrum of the real-estate market, due to speculative tendencies causing a raise in land value. The emerging high-rise clusters are developed along the various waterfronts of Manama on newly reclaimed land. This paper explores the spatial consequences of the recent boom in construction boom and the various challenges for architects and urban planners to enhance urban qualities.


Adham, K. (2008). Rediscovering the Island: Doha’s Urbanity from Pearls to Spectacle, in Elsheshtawy, Y. (ed.), The Evolving Arab

City, London: Routledge.

Al Ansari, F. (2009). Public Open Space on the Transforming Urban Waterfronts of Bahrain – The Case of Manama City, PhD thesis, Newcastle: Newcastle University.

BFH – Bahrain Financial Harbour (2009). Re- trieved February 6, 2009, from http://www. htm.

Blum, E. and Neitzke, P. (2009). Dubai: Ein Zwi- schenbericht ueber die groesste Baustelle der Welt. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Chapple, K. (2014). Planning Sustainable Cities and Regions: Towards More Equitable De- velopment. Oxon: Routledge.

Davidson, C. M. (2008). Dubai – The vulnerability of success, New York: Columbia University Press.

Elsheshtawy, Y. (2008). Cities of Sand and Fog: Abu Dhabi’s Global Ambitions, in Elshesht- awy, Y. (ed.), The Evolving Arab City, Lon- don: Routledge.

Elsheshtawy, Y. (2010). Dubai: Behind an Urban Spectacle. London: Routeledge.

Hamouche, M. B. (2004). The Changing Morphol- ogy of Gulf Cities in the Age of Globalisa- tion. The Case of Bahrain, in Habitat Inter- national, 28, 521-540.




Cómo citar

Wiedmann, F. (2015). Residential High-Rise Clusters as a Contemporary Planning Challenge in Manama. Revista Gremium, 2(4), 9–20. Recuperado a partir de